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中考英語十個最易出錯的句型

作者:未知     來源:網絡    2017-01-17

 
  1.Because he was ill yesterday,so he didn’t go to work. (×)
 
  Because he was ill yesterday,he didn’t go to work. (√)
 
  He was ill yesterday,so he didn’t go to work. (√)
 
  [析] 用though,but表示“雖然……,但是……”或用because,so 表示“因為……,所以……”時,though和but 及because和so都只能擇一而用,不能兩者同時使用。
 
  2.The Smiths have moved Beijing. (×)
 
  The Smiths have moved to Beijing. (√)
 
  [析] 不及物動詞后接名詞或代詞作賓語時,要在動詞之后加上適當的介詞;但不及物動詞后接home,here,there等副詞作賓語時,動詞之后不必加任何介詞。
 
  3.The box is too heavy for him to carry it. (×)
 
  The box is too heavy for him to carry. (√)
 
  [析] the box既是這句話的主語,也是不定式to carry的邏輯賓語,若句末再加上it,就和the box重復了。
 
  4.Each of the boys have a pen. (×)
 
  Each of the boys has a pen. (√)
 
  [析] 復數名詞前有表個體的each of,one of,every,either of等詞組修飾,或有表否定的neither of,none of 等詞組修飾時,謂語動詞要用單數形式。
 
  5.例:那是你心軟!我不就是一個例子嗎?
 
  Neither he nor you is good at English. (×)
 
  Neither he nor you are good at English. (√)
 
  [析] either…… or……,neither…… nor……,not only……,but also……等詞組連接句子的兩個主語時,謂語動詞遵循“就近一致原則”,即由靠近謂語的那個主語決定謂語的人稱和數用何種形式。
 
  6.Ten minus three are seven. (×)
 
  Ten minus three is seven. (√)
 
  [析] 用英語表示加(plus)、減(minus)等數學運算時,謂語動詞也用單數形式。
 
  7.The number of the workers in this factory are about 5,000. (×)
 
  The number of the workers in this factory is about 5,000. (√)
 
  [析] the number of表示“……的數量”,謂語動詞用單數形式;a number of 的意思是“若干”或“許多”,相當于some或a lot of,和復數名詞連用,謂語動詞用復數形式。
 
  8. 例. Hello! I have important something to tell you. (×)
 
  Hello! I have something important to tell you. (√)
 
  [析] 形容詞或動詞不定式修飾不定代詞作定語時,修飾成分要置于不定代詞之后。
 
  9. His son is enough old to go to school. (×)
 
  His son is old enough to go to school. (√)
 
  [析] enough作形容詞修飾名詞時,可以放在名詞前,也可放在名詞后;作副詞修飾形容詞或副詞時,只能放在形容詞或副詞之后。
 
  10.. Here is your sweater, put away it.(×)
 
  Here is your sweater, put it away. (√)
 
  [析] put away, pick up, put on等“動詞+副詞”構成的詞組后接代詞作賓語時,代詞只能放在動詞和副詞之間。
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